Water Softening Category
Water softening is a water purification method that treats water that has high concentrations of calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions.
Hardness in water is defined as concentrations of multivalent cations. Multivalent cations are cations (metal ions) that have a charge greater than 1+.
Calcium and magnesium fall into this group.
Calcium and magnesium ions enter a water supply by leaching from minerals such as limestone within an aquifer.
Water Softening Methods
There are two main water softening methods, salt-free water softening, and salt-based water softening.
Salt-Based Water Softening
Salt-based water softening systems use the ion exchange method to make water soft.
Ion exchange is a chemical process in which dissolved ions are exchanged with other ions with a similar charge (salt or potassium).
Ions are atoms or molecules containing electrons that are not equal to the total number of protons.
Salt-Free Water Softening
Salt-free water softening systems has calcium carbonate crystal structures on the surface of the water softening media.
The hard water minerals are attracted to these structures. Hard water minerals will stick to these structures forming crystals. As water moves across the media, the crystal structures grow in size and break off. These crystals will move through your plumbing without sticking to it.
Once the water and crystals move out of your faucets, some of the crystals will accumulate on surfaces such as your faucets and glassware.
These deposits are easier to clean up compared to soap scum.
10 Amazing Water Softener Benefits
They are numerous water softening benefits. For starters, you will spend less money on cleaning supplies, energy to run your appliances and the lifespan of your appliances will increase. Let me show you how you can have cleaner and shinier silverware, glassware, mirrors, tiles, cars, plumbing fixtures, softer skin, and clean, smooth hair.
How Does Hard Water Affect Your Skin
Hard water contains dissolved minerals like calcium and magnesium. Those minerals make it harder for your water to form a solution with soap, and it leaves behind a scummy residue. The most common effect of hard water on your skin is dryness. Hard water makes it hard to rinse away soap from the surface of your skin. This leaves your skin dry and irritated. Not to mention, if you have sensitive skin, psoriasis, or eczema, hard water can make your conditions worse by drying out your skin even more.
6 Shocking Costs of Hard Water
From your plumbing and water-using appliances to your hair and skin, hard water touches just about everything in your home! Since water is involved in most of your daily routine, the effects of hard water are felt everywhere, including your wallet. Hard water is one of the most common problems you will experience with your water supply. Water becomes hard when it contains too many minerals such as calcium and magnesium. Hard water problems range from a few inconveniences to major plumbing issues. As you use your water, you need to be made aware of the hidden costs of hard water and how to deal with them.
5 Insane Ways Hard Water Affects Your Hair
Hard water tends to make the scales of your hair stand up causing your hair to feel rough and tangly. Since your hair is tangled and rough, it becomes more difficult for you to rinse out all of the soap. Your soap is not as effective in hard water because the soap reacts with the excess minerals in the water to form calcium or magnesium salts. The characteristics of your water may determine how well your hair care products work. Soaps and detergents behave differently in hard water. Unexplained hair damage, color fade, dullness, or dehydration may be caused by your water supply.