Many things lurk in our drinking water some we cannot see but still can pose a threat to our homes and health delivered through our water supply. Below are just ten microorganisms most commonly found in drinking water.
A single celled organism that originates from the presence of fecal matter. Also known to cause diarrhea.
9. Anabaena sp.
A multi-cellular cyanobacteria that produces neurotoxins. Also known to cause respiratory arrest and even death.
Most common and large in size these microorganisms act as indicators that there are other more threatening contaminants present. Also known to be hosts for protozoans like cryptosporidium.
Classified as a crustacean these are even larger than rotifers and also act as an indication that other pollutants are existent.
6. E. Coli
A bacteria known to thrive around fecal matter and said to be safe to consume as long as it doesn’t appear in more than five percent of the water samples collected in a month period. Also known to cause diarrhea, vomiting, fever, cramps, loss of appetite, and dehydration.
5. Rhizopus stolonifera
A colorful fungus that is responsible for creating mold. Also known to release toxins that are harmful to humans.
4. Naegleria fowleri
An amoeba that attacks the human nervous system through a persons nasal cavity with a ninety eight percent fatality rate.
3. Legionella pneumophila
This bacteria induces confusion, fevers up to 107, loss of coordination, vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle aches. Given the nickname Legionnaires’ disease due to a 1976 outbreak killing thirty four people and infecting hundreds. Currently known to send an estimated eighteen thousand to hospitals annually.
2. Chaetomium sp.
A type of mold that most commonly travels through the air and poses less of a threat than when consumed through drinking water. This can cause phaeohyphomycosis which typicallt leads to brain abscesses.
1. Salmonella enterica
Very well known bacteria that preys on those with weak immune systems. Also known to cause fevers, headaches, fatigue, diarrhea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, chills, and vomiting.